Movements and Duration
There is one movement: Andante cantabile (F minor, 106 bars). A complete performance lasts around 6 minutes.
The Romance appears to date from the period of Tchaikovsky's relationship with the soprano Désirée Artôt, who sang in the 1868–69 season with the Italian Opera Company in Moscow. The opera season began in September 1868, and the Romance was first performed and published in December the same year , which suggests a composition date of October or November 1868.
Nikolay Rubinstein gave the first performance at a charity concert in Moscow University on 8/20 December 1868. The same pianist premiered the Romance in Saint Petersburg, at the fourth Free Music School concert on 30 November/12 December 1869. Other notable performances were:
- Leipzig, Conservatory, 2/14 October 1873, Sofya Malozemova (piano) 
- Leipzig, Choral Society concert, 17/29 November 1877, Adele Hippius (piano)
- Stuttgart, 3rd subscription concert, 2/14 November 1882, Jules de Swert (cello) — arrangement for cello and piano
- See: Discography
The piece was dedicated to Désirée Artôt, later Padilla (1835–1907), a Belgian soprano with the Italian Opera Company in Moscow, to whom Tchaikovsky was briefly engaged in 1868.