'Venice (Venezia) is a city and provincial capital in the Lombardy (Lombardia) region of Italy. During Tchaikovsky's lifetime it formed part of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (until 1859), the Kingdom of Venetia (1859–66), and the Kingdom of Italy (from 1866).
Tchaikovsky in Venice
Tchaikovsky visited Venice on five occasions:
|late January/early February 1872||late January/early February 1872||During the composer's first visit to Italy.|
|17/29 April 1874||18/30 April 1874||During his summer vacation. This time he "wandered far and wide", finding the Doge's Palace "the utmost in finery and beauty", and went to "three churches with a whole mass of pictures by Titian and Tintoretto, statues by Canova, and all sorts of aesthetic treasures" .|
|11/23 November 1877||18/30 November 1877||Finishing the orchestration of Act I, Scene II of the opera Yevgeny Onegin.|
|2/14 December 1877||16/28 December 1877||Staying at the Hôtel Beau Rivage [see below], Tchaikovsky worked on the orchestration of his Symphony No. 4, completing the first movement on 11/23 December, the second on 13/25 December, and the third on 15/27 December. As a result of interruptions he was unable to work on the finale during his time in Venice.|
|15/27 November 1881||18/30 November 1881||Spending three days in the city on his way to Rome.|
Hôtel Beau Rivage
The Hôtel Beau Rivage is now the Hotel Londra Palace, where there is a plaque commemorating the composer's visit in 1877. His former room is now the "Tchaikovsky Suite".