Cologne (Köln) is the fourth-largest city in Germany, and part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen).
In Tchaikovsky's lifetime it was part of the Rhine Province of the Kingdom of Prussia, becoming part of the German Empire from 1871.
Tchaikovsky in Cologne
Tchaikovsky visited Cologne on three occasions:
|6/18 July 1873||7/19 July 1873||An overnight stop while travelling between Dresden and Zurich.|
|15/27 July 1887||15/27 July 1887||Stopping on his way to see Nikolay Kondratyev in Aachen; while waiting for the 6 pm train he paid two "very long" visits to Cologne Cathedral, and strolled along the banks of the Rhine .|
|30 January/11 February 1889||1/13 February 1889||To conduct the "excellent" Cölner Städtisches Orchester in a performance of his Suite No. 3 at the Gürzenich (31 January/12 February); he also met the musician Franz Wüllner, and attended a dinner given in his honour .|