Moscow

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Moscow (Москва) is the capital and largest city of the Russian Federation. During Tchaikovsky's lifetime it was the second city of the Russian Empire, after Saint Petersburg (which was the national capital until 1918).

Tchaikovsky in Moscow

After leaving Votkinsk, the Tchaikovsky family lived for a few weeks in Moscow during October and November 1848, before moving to Saint Petersburg. Between 1866 and 1878 Tchaikovsky again resided in Moscow, and taught at the city's conservatory. His addresses were as follows:

From Until Address
7/19 January 1866 late August/early September 1871 Voeykova House, Mokhovaya Street (Моховая улица, дом Воейковой). Lodging in Nikolay Rubinstein's apartment (now demolished)
late August/early September 1871 2/14 September 1872 9 Spiridonovka Street (Улица Спиридоновка, 9). Living in his own apartment for the first time.
2/14 September 1872 early/mid November 1873 Kazakov House, 46 Kudrinskaya Square (Курдинская площадь, 46, дом Казакова). "Big structural problems" [1].
early/mid November 1873 early/mid September 1874 Vishnevskaya House, 21 Malaya Nikitskaya Street (Малая Никитская улица, 21, дом Вишневской). "Not only closer, but more comfortable than the last place" [2].
early/mid September 1874 November 1875 Poluyektov House, 35 Malaya Nikitskaya Street (Малая Никитская улица, 35, дом Полуектов).
November 1875 July 1877 Shlezinger House, 7 Krestovozdvizhensky Lane (Крестовоздвиженский переулок, 7, дом Шлезингера).
July 1877 24 September/6 October 1877 Batyushkov House, 24 Bolshaya Nikitiskaya Street (Большая Никитская улица — дом Батюшкова). The composer's marital home with his wife Antonina.

After the end of his marriage in 1877, Tchaikovsky never again took up permanent residence in Moscow. However, he stayed with friends and at hotel accommodation in the city from time to time. The latter category included

From Until Address
1/13 June 1878 4/16 June 1878 Grand Moscow Hotel, 1/2 Voskressenskaya Square (Воскрессенская плошид, 1/2 — Большая Московская гостиница)
1/13 November 1878 2/14 Novemeber 1878 Loskutina Hotel, Tverskaya Street (Тверская улица — Лоскутная гостиница)
16/28 March 1879 18/30 March 1879 Hotel Dussaut, 3 Teatralnaya Passage (Театральный проезд, 3 — гостиница Дюссо), for a dress rehearsal and the première of Yevgeny Onegin at the adjacent Maly Theatre.
19 September/1 October 1879 22 September/4 October 1879 Kokorevsky Hotel, 34 Sofiya Embankment (Софийская набережная, 34 — Кокоревское гостиница)
2/41 April 1880 10/22 April 1880 Kokorevsky Hotel, 34 Sofiya Embankment (Софийская набережная, 34 — Кокоревское гостиница)
20 November/2 December 1882 13/25 December 1882 Kokorevsky Hotel, 34 Sofiya Embankment (Софийская набережная, 34 — Кокоревское гостиница)
19 November/1 December 1883 25 November/7 December 1883. Kokorevsky Hotel, 34 Sofiya Embankment (Софийская набережная, 34 — Кокоревское гостиница)
4/16 January 1891 5/17 January 1891 Grand Moscow Hotel, 1/2 Voskressenskaya Square (Воскрессенская плошид, 1/2 — Большая Московская гостиница)

External links

Notes and References

  1. Letter 274 to Anatoly Tchaikovsky, 4/16 September 1872 [back]
  2. Letter 327 to Modest Tchaikovsky, 28 November/10 December 1873 [back]