Russian conductor, violinist and composer of German extraction (b. 2/14 April 1855 in Moscow; d. 27 April 1924 in Moscow), born Andrey Fyodorovich Arends (Андрей Фёдорович Арендс); also known outside Russia as Heinrich Arends.
In 1877 he graduated from the Moscow Conservatory, where he studied violin with Ferdinand Laub, and composition with Tchaikovsky. In 1883 Arends became a violinist in the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra in Moscow, becoming chief conductor at the Maly Theatre in Moscow in 1892, after being selected in a competition in which Tchaikovsky was one of the judges. He conducted the first performance in Moscow of The Sleeping Beauty in 1899, and served as chief conductor of the Bolshoi Ballet Theatre in Moscow from 1900 until 1924.
Correspondence with Tchaikovsky
3 letters from Tchaikovsky to Andrey Arends have survived, dating from 1884 to 1892, all of which have been translated into English on this website:
- Letter 2629 – between 27 December 1884/8 January 1885 and 29 December 1884/10 January 1885, from Moscow
- Letter 2640 – 7/19 January 1885, from Moscow
- Letter 4755a – 16/28 August 1892, from Klin
4 letters from Andrey Arends to Tchaikovsky, dating from 1884 to 1892, are preserved in the Klin House-Museum Archive.