Ungarische Zigeunerweisen (Menter)
Scored for solo piano and an orchestra consisting of piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (B-flat), 2 bassoons + 4 horns, 2 trumpets (B-flat), 3 trombones, tuba + timpani, triangle, tambourine, cymbals, bass drum + violins I, violins II, violas, cellos, and double basses.
Movements and Duration
There is one movement: Andante con moto (F minor–F major, 567 bars), lasting around 15 to 20 minutes in performance.
Sophie Menter drafted her Ungarische Zigeunerweisen in a version for two pianos, and asked her friend Tchaikovsky to make the orchestration. He carried out this task while staying at Menter's home at Itter in Austria, between 10/22 September and 20 September/2 October 1892.
The first performance took place in Odessa on 23 January/4 February 1893 at the second RMS symphony concert, with Sophie Menter as soloist, and Tchaikovsky as the conductor. Other notable premières were:
- Moscow, 5th RMS symphony concert, 15 January 1894, Sophie Menter (piano).
- Saint Petersburg, 7th RMS symphony concert, 20 January 1894, Sophie Menter (piano), conducted by Eduard Krushevsky.
- London, Philharmonic Society concert, 15/27 May 1894, Sophie Menter (piano), conducted by Alexander Mackenzie.
The work was first published in 1909 by the firm of Gustav Schirmer in New York, under the title Ungarische Zigeunerweisen für Klavier von Sofie Menter mit Orchester Begleitung von Peter Tschaikowsky).
In 1970 it was published under the title Hungarian Rhapsody (Венгерская рапсодия) in volume 59 of Tchaikovsky's Complete Collected Works, edited by Irina Iordan.
Notes and References
- Entitled "Hungarian Gipsy Tunes" in ČW; in other sources it has been listed as Bohemian Melodies, Concerto in the Hungarian Style, Fantasia on Gypsy Melodies, Hungarian Gypsy Songs, Hungarian Rhapsody or Zigeunerweisen.
- See (2002), p. 384.
- In Tchaikovsky's manuscript only a few bars of the solo piano part are written out, either side of the cadenza.