Door was a student of Karl Czerny, and began his concert career in 1850, touring Italy and Germany. In Stockholm he was appointed pianist to the Swedish royal court, before becoming professor of piano studies at the Moscow Conservatory from 1866 to 1869, where he taught alongside Tchaikovsky. In 1869 he returned to his homeland as a professor at the Vienna Conservatory, where he remained until 1901.
In 1868 Tchaikovsky dedicate his piano piece Valse-Caprice, Op. 4, to Anton Door.
Correspondence with Tchaikovsky
5 letters from Tchaikovsky to Anton Door have survived, dating from 1876 to 1892, of which those highlighted in bold are now available in English translation on this site:
- Letter 444 – 10/22 February 1876, from Moscow
- Letter 598a – 6/18 September 1877, from Kamenka
- Letter 614 – between 10/22 and 16/28 October 1877, from Clarens
- Letter 1020a – 13/25 December 1878, from Florence
- Letter 4771 – 12/24 September 1892, from Itter
2 letters from Door to the composer, dating from 1877 and 1892, are preserved in the Klin House-Museum Archive.