Kreutzer Sonata (Beethoven)
As part of his studies at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1863 or 1864, Tchaikovsky made an orchestral arrangement (TH 168 ; ČW 338) of the opening of the first movement of the Violin Sonata in A minor (Op. 47), by Ludwig van Beethoven, popularly known as the Kreutzer Sonata (Креуцер соната) .
Scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (in A), 2 bassoons + 4 horns (in A, E), 2 trumpets (in E), alto trombone, tenor trombone, bass trombone + 2 timpani + violins I, violins II, violas, cellos, and double basses.
Movements and Duration
Tchaikovsky orchestrated only the first 190 bars of the sonata's opening movement: Adagio sostenuto (A major)—Presto (A minor), which lasts around 4 to 5 minutes in performance.
The score was published for the first time in 1967 in volume 58 of Tchaikovsky's Complete Collected Works, edited by Irina Iordan.
The Sonata for Violin and Piano in A minor, Op. 47 (known as the "Kreutzer") by Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827), was completed in 1803, and first published in 1805. Tchaikovsky only orchestrated the introduction and exposition of the first movement (Adagio sostenuto—Presto).