Tchaikovsky's Three Pieces (Trois morceaux) for solo piano, Op. 9 (TH 131 ; ČW 107 to 109), were written in October 1870 in Moscow.
Movements and Duration
Andante capriccioso (D minor, 168 bars).
- Polka de salon
Andante moderato (B-flat major, 128 bars).
- Mazurka de salon
Tempo giusto (D minor, 219 bars).
A complete performance lasts around 15 minutes.
On 26 October 1870, Tchaikovsky informed Ivan Klimenko that he had written ‘three new pieces' 
Rêverie (No. 1) and Mazurka de salon (No. 3) were played by Nikolay Rubinstein at an all-Tchaikovsky concert in the Little Hall of the Nobles' Club in Moscow on 16/28 March 1871.
Polka de salon (No. 2) was played by Louis Diémer at a concert of Tchaikovsky's works in the Salle Érard in Paris on 11/23 February 1887.
All three pieces were published together as Op. 9 by Pyotr Jurgenson in March 1871. They were included in volume 51Б of Tchaikovsky's Complete Collected Works (1946), edited by Ivan Shishov.
The composer's manuscript scores of all three pieces are now preserved in the Glinka National Museum Consortium of Musical Culture in Moscow (ф. 88, No. 109) [view].
- See: Three Pieces, Op. 9: Recordings
Rêverie (No. 1) is dedicated to the pianist Nadezhda Muromtseva; Polka de salon (No. 2) to the pianist Aleksandra Zograf; and Mazurka de salon (No. 3) to the pianist and composer Aleksandr Dubuque.
Mazurka de salon (No. 3) was adapted from the Mazurka that Tchaikovsky had written in 1867 for Aleksandr Ostrovsky's dramatic chronicle Dmitry the Pretender and Vasily Shuysky.
Notes and References