Russian composer and conductor (b.n 29 July/10 August 1865 in Saint Petersburg; d. 21 March 1936 in Neuilly-sur-Siene, near Paris), born Aleksandr Konstantinovich Glazunov (Александр Константинович Глазунов).
Alexander was the eldest child of Konstantin Ilyich Glazunov (1828–1914) and his wife Yelena (b. Gromova, 1846–1925). As a child he had an exceptional ear and memory for music, and began to study piano at the age of nine, and wrote his first composition two years later. On Balakirev's recommendation, Glazunov took private lessons in composition from Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov for almost two years (1879–1881).
Tchaikovsky and Glazunov
Tchaikovsky heard the première of Glazunov's First Symphony in 1882, although the two men only became personally acquainted two years later. Tchaikovsky took a great interest in the younger composer's career, and helped to publicise his music. They socialised regularly in Saint Petersburg, and Glazunov presented many inscribed copies of his works to the older composer, and dedicated his Third Symphony (1890) to Tchaikovsky.
Glazunov made his conducting debut in 1888, becoming principal conductor of the Russian Symphonic Concerts in Saint Petersburg, organised by Mitrofan Belyayev. In 1896 he conducted the première of Tchaikovsky's student overture The Storm, which had never been performed during its author's lifetime. In 1899 Glazunov was appointed professor at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, and served as its director from 1905 until 1930. Following the First World War he spent an increasing amount of time outside Russia; in 1929 he married Olga Nikolayevna Gavrilova (1875–1968), and eventually settled in Paris.
Correspondence with Tchaikovsky
12 letters from Tchaikovsky to Aleksandr Glazunov have survived, dating from 1887 to 1892, of which those highlighted in bold are now available in English translations on this website:
- Letter 3434 – 13/25 December 1887, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 3794 – 15/27 February 1889, from Berlin
- Letter 3942 – 25 September/7 October 1889, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 3967 – 2/14 November 1889, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 3970 – 8/20 November 1889, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 3990 – 23 December 1889/4 January 1890, from Moscow
- Letter 3993 – 2/14 January 1890, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 4003 – 14/26 January 1890, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 4018 – 30 January/11 February 1890, from Florence
- Letter 4325 – 12/24 February 1891, from Frolovskoye
- Letter 4637 – 9/21 March 1892, from Maydanovo
- Letter 4822 – 11/23 December 1892, from Saint Petersburg
- Glazunov, Aleksandr. [My acquaintance with Tchaikovsky] (1924)
- Gozenpud, Abram. [A. K. Glazunov and P. I. Tchaikovsky] (1959)
- Kiselev, Vasily. [P. I. Tchaikovsky's correspondence with A. K. Glazunov] (1945)
- [Aleksandr Konstantin Glazunov. Sources for his biography, volume 1, part 1] (1922)
- [P. I. Tchaikovsky in reminiscences] (1913)