Russian painter (b. 1869; d. 1946), born Aleksandra Petrovna Yurgenson (Александра Петровна Юргенсон); known during her first marriage as Aleksandra Petrovna Svetoslavskaya (Александра Петровна Светославская), and after her second marriage as Aleksandra Petrovna Snegireva-Jurgenson (Александра Петровна Снегирева-Юргенсон).
Aleksandra was the daughter of Tchaikovsky's publisher Pyotr Jurgenson (1836–1904) and his wife Sofiya. Tchaikovsky knew the Jurgenson family well, and he corresponded with many of them, including Aleksandra.
In her memoirs of the composer Aleksandra recounted how Tchaikovsky liked to take part in the children's preparations for Christmas and Easter, often coming round to their house during Holy Week to help them paint Easter eggs. He also liked to tease the Jurgenson children, especially little Aleksandra, to whom he sent many joking letters. When Aleksandra started attending classes at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, Tchaikovsky insisted that she should paint a portrait of him. However, in the end he only turned up for one session, and the sketch which Aleksandra made for this portrait was lost. Before she took up painting seriously she had, though, made a drawing of Tchaikovsky playing cards, and this has survived .
Tchaikovsky's Works Dedicated to Aleksandra Snegireva-Jurgenson
- L'espiègle — No. 12 of the Eighteen Pieces, Op. 72 (1893)
Correspondence with Tchaikovsky
6 letters from Tchaikovsky to Aleksandra Snegireva-Jurgenson have survived, dating from 1884 to 1893, of which those highlighted in bold are available in English translations on this website:
- Letter 2633 – late December 1884/early January 1885, from Moscow
- Letter 2878 – 4/16 February 1886, from Moscow
- Letter 2906 – 6/18 March 1886, from Moscow
- Letter 2907 – 6/18 March 1886, from Moscow
- Letter 2991 – 1/13 July 1886, from Maydanovo
- Letter 3231 – 19 April/1 May 1887, from Maydanovo
- Letter 3389 – 26 October/7 November 1887, from Saint Petersburg
- Letter 4914 – 13/25 April 1893, from Klin
- Letter 4944 – 27 May/8 June 1893, from London
- Letter 4978 – 19/31 July 1893, from Klin
2 letters from Aleksandra Snegireva-Jurgenson to the composer, dating from 1889, are preserved in the Klin House-Museum Archive.
Notes and References
- Aleksandra Snegireva-Jurgenson, «П. И. Чайковский в семье П. И. Юргенсона» [P. I. Tchaikovsky in the Family Circle of P. I. Jurgenson], in: (1980), p.102–105.