Hamburg is a federal state and the second-largest city in Germany.
During Tchaikovsky's lifetime it was a free city state, which joined the German Empire in 1871.
Tchaikovsky in Hamburg
Tchaikovsky visited Hamburg on the following occasions:
|10/22 July 1861||16/28 July 1861||On his first journey outside Russia, Tchaikovsky found Hamburg to be "incomparably better than Berlin" .|
|29 December 1887/10 January 1888||30 December 1887/11 January 1888||To attend a concert conducted by Hans von Bülow.|
|5/17 January 1888||10/22 January 1888||To rehearse and conduct a concert of his own works at the Konventgarten (8/20 January), including the Serenade for String Orchestra, the Piano Concerto No. 1 (soloist Vasily Sapelnikov), and the Theme with Variations from the Suite No. 3. There were cordial meetings with Daniel Rahter, Josef Sittard, and Theodor Avé-Lallemant, who "almost with tears in his eyes exhorted me to leave Russia and settle in Germany" .|
|26 February/10 March 1889||4/16 March 1889||To conduct his Symphony No. 5 at a Philharmonic Society concert (3/15 March), At rehearsals he met Johannes Brahms, Josef Sittard, and Willy Burmester. "My new symphony was an enormous success, and everyone without affectation treated me as an old and dear friend" .|
|17/29 May 1891||18/30 May 1891||Returning from his American tour on the steamship Fürst Bismarck, Tchaikovsky stayed overnight at the Hôtel Saint Pétersbourg.|
|6/18 January 1892||9/21 January 1892||Attending rehearsals and a production of Yevgeny Onegin at the Hamburg Opera Theatre (7/19 January), conducted by Gustav Mahler.|
|25 August/6 September 1893||29 August/10 September 1893||Attending a production of Iolanta at the Hamburg Opera Theatre (26 August/7 September), conducted by Gustav Mahler, as well as a performance of Leoncavallo's opera Pagliacci in the second half of that evening's double bill, with Berta Foerstrová-Lautererová as Nedda. Tchaikovsky stayed at the house of Bernhard Pollini.|
Notes and References
- Letter 56 to Ilya Tchaikovsky, 9/21 July 1861.
- Autobiographical Account of a Tour Abroad in the Year 1888, Chapter XI.
- Letter 3815 to Nadezhda von Meck, 5/17 March 1889.